You must have heard the name of Rafsanjan pistachio when buying pistachios. Quality and popular pistachios that are a valuable gift of Rafsanjan city. The bulk purchase of pistachio traders is from this city. Today, with most online shopping, you can easily see the daily prices of Rafsanjan pistachio on reputable internet sites run by pistachio activists.
Pistachio is an important plant of the Anacardiaceae family. There are several subspecies of pistachio and 11 to 17 species in this genus. The pistachio tree is said to be native to Central or East Asia. The pistachio tree grows in countries such as Iran, Turkmenistan, western Afghanistan and Syria. Pistachio is a tree that has been cultivated in different parts of Iran since ancient times.
Figure1- Rafsanjan pistachio
Important features of Rafsanjan pistachio
In general, pistachios are divided into long and round types. And he is known by the letters of Akbari, Kalle Ghouchi, Fandaghi, etc. The best type of pistachio to buy is smiling, uniform and clean pistachio. The most important commercial types of Rafsanjan pistachio in our country are the following:
This type of Rafsanjan pistachio, also known as Abdollahi, has the highest economic value. The fruit of this type of pistachio is almond shaped and coarse. The growth of this type of Rafsanjan pistachio is high. It has broad and dense leaves and its yield is harvested in the third decade of September. Akbari pistachio has a brownish brown marrow and dark cream bone skin. Rafsanjan pistachio of this type is pistachio, which is usually selected as a quality pistachio for celebrations.
Kalle Ghuchi pistachio
This type of pistachio was identified in the village of Dehno in the city of Rafsanjan by a person named Haj Ali Sharifi. The main area of pistachio development is Kalle Ghuchi in Kerman province. The pistachio fruit is a raspberry, hazelnut shaped, large head. It has a red brain, white bone skin and a moderate percentage of smiles. Rafsanjan pistachio tree is a type of bald head, sensitive to water and fertilizer. The leaves of this tree are five leaflets, the last leaflet being larger than the lateral leaflets. This type of Rafsanjan pistachio blooms early and is vulnerable to spring cold and the damage caused by it.
Figure2- Rafsanjan pistachio
Ahmad Aghaei pistachio
This pistachio was first identified by Ahmad Agha Foroutan. Although not very old, it is significantly expanding due to its large, almond shaped, red marrow and bony skin. Ahmad Aghaei pistachio tree grows mostly in Rafsanjan and Sirjan. Most of the leaves of this tree have three leaflets. Since the crop can be harvested in the third decade, it becomes part of the late type of cluster.
This Rafsanjan pistachio was identified by Mehdi Ouhadi in the village of Fath Abad. This type of Rafsanjan pistachio has spherical and hazelnut fruits. The color of the brain is purple and the skin of the bone is cream. Fandoghi pistachio trees with a height of three meters are often suitable in areas of the country where pistachios are planted. Three leaf clover is a feature of its leaves. The lateral leaflet is larger than the lateral leaflets. This type of Rafsanjan pistachio has medium flowers, is early and can be harvested in the first decade of September. Fandoghi pistachio is a very famous and exported pistachio. About 60 to 70% of pistachio orchards in Rafsanjan. Fandoghi pistachio has a very high percentage of smiles. If you like smiling pistachios, buy this type of Rafsanjan pistachio.
Properties of Rafsanjan pistachio
Pistachio is one of the most delicious and popular nuts. Due to its high nutritional value for the health of the body, its daily consumption is recommended. Pistachios are rich in vitamins and minerals. With the highest amount of fiber and essential fatty acids, it is an excellent option for preventing cardiovascular disease. In addition it helps lower cholesterol, lower high blood pressure and take care of your heart muscle.
It may be interesting for you to know that Rafsanjan pistachio prevents disorders such as stress, depression and insomnia. This pistachio effect is due to the high magnesium content. Magnesium balances the body is nervous system. Each pistachio kernel is 28.35 grams and has 160 calories. This provides a six percent daily requirement for an adult. There are three milligrams of sodium in each pistachio kernel. 70% of Rafsanjan pistachio is 160 calories are related to pistachio fat.
Figure3- Rafsanjan pistachio
You have probably heard about the unique properties of antioxidants for the health of the body and the prevention of diseases such as cancer. Rafsanjan pistachio, which has high levels of antioxidants such as vitamin E and vitamin C, protects the body against free radical damage. It also prevents premature aging and brings health and beauty to your skin. Rafsanjan pistachio, with its zeaxanthin, riboflavin and lutein, is an excellent option for improving vision problems. Zeaxanthin and lutein, two antioxidants found in pistachios, prevent free vision loss by destroying free radicals.
Another feature of Rafsanjan pistachio is weight loss in case of balance in consumption and increase in metabolism. In fact, eating pistachios reduces your desire to consume harmful fats. As mentioned, Rafsanjan pistachio is high in fiber, beta carotene and prooxidants. You must be wondering what effect these substances have on the body. The answer is to lower your blood sugar and improve your insulin resistance. Accordingly, Rafsanjan pistachio is the best edible fruit to prevent type 2 diabetes. Pistachios are rich in iron and you can prevent your anemia by consuming them daily. Vitamin B6 in pistachios increases the amount of oxygen and hemoglobin in the blood. As a result, it activates the brain. Also, Rafsanjan pistachio, with its high copper content, increases the absorption of iron from food and is very effective in improving low blood pressure.
Rafsanjan pistachio fat composition
- Saturated fatty acids about 15%
- Unsaturated fatty acids are about 15 to 35 percent
- Single unsaturated fatty acids about 50 to 70%
The beneficial fatty acids of Rafsanjan pistachio increase the growth of your hair. Also, because pistachios are a good source of biotin, daily and balanced consumption prevents hair loss. The ratio of omega 6 to omega 3 in Rafsanjan pistachio is 75 to 1. This is the cause of allergies in some people due to pistachio consumption. Pistachio is one of the rich sources of protein and contains essential amino acids in optimal and appropriate amounts. This nutrient is high in vitamin B1 or thiamine and B6 or pyridoxine. Each ounce of pistachio kernels contains 60 mg of phytosterols. The substance should be taken 1 to 2 grams daily to lower blood cholesterol. In addition, there are five grams of carbohydrates and three grams of fiber per ounce of Rafsanjan pistachio kernels.
Figure4- Rafsanjan pistachio
Complications of excessive consumption of Rafsanjan pistachio
As mentioned, moderation should be observed in the consumption of this fruit. Because it forms part of a healthy diet. In general, it is recommended to consume 50 pistachios a day and, if possible, salt free. Because pistachios are high in protein, phosphorus and potassium, over consumption is not recommended for people with kidney disease or kidney stones. Because doctors advise these people not to eat foods that contain these elements.
Rafsanjan pistachio production in Iran and the world
The pistachio that is produced in Iran every year is about two thousand tons. 90% of it is exported and domestic consumption is only 10%. Each Iranian family consumes two kilograms of pistachios annually. In the 2000s, more than 250,000 tons of pistachios were produced in Iran. But in the 2010s, with a reduction of 100,000 tons, the amount of pistachios produced in Iran reached 150,000 tons. Americans are gaining ground in pistachio exports as California is pistachio production increases. The difference between pistachio production in Iran and the United States is another factor in reducing pistachio production in Iran. Mechanized pistachios are produced in the United States. This is the reason why American pistachio crop is three times higher than in Iran.
Rafsanjan pistachio situation in recent years
In 2017, the production of pistachios produced in Iran was about 220,000 tons. More than 130,000 tons worth $ 1.8 billion were exported to 75 countries. Domestic consumption is about 25,000 tons. Unfortunately, 1397 was one of the few years of production in Rafsanjan pistachio and the country. Only about 2,000 tons of Rafsanjan pistachio were harvested from the world is largest pistachio plain, the world is largest artificial forest. With these statistics, it can be said that in 2017, the yield of Rafsanjan pistachio was 95% lower than the previous year. In other words, only 40,000 tons, equivalent to 100 pistachio containers, were exported. Other parts of the country were not in a good position. Of course, the level of cultivation in these areas is not significant compared to the large Rafsanjan pistachio plain. Thus, for the first time, Iran lost the first place in pistachio production in the world and was ranked third after the United States and Turkey. If this trend continues in 2019, Iran will no doubt lose many foreign customers of pistachios.
Figure5- Rafsanjan pistachio
Problems of Rafsanjan pistachio exporters
Poor use of pesticides in Rafsanjan pistachio orchards is one of the main problems for exporters. This jeopardizes the low share of pistachios in foreign markets. EU countries have strict regulations in this regard and the European market should not be allowed to be lost by the United States or other pistachio producers. The main producers of pistachios in the world are the United States, Iran, Turkey and Syria. The main centers of pistachio production in Iran are the cities of Rafsanjan, Zarand, Sirjan and Kerman, where the highest production in Iran is allocated to Rafsanjan pistachio. The best type of pistachio in the world is produced in Iran and it is Rafsanjan pistachio.